Thursday, December 26, 2019

Georgia Douglas Johnson Harlem Renaissance Writer

Georgia Douglas Johnson (September 10, 1880 - May 14, 1966) was among the women who were Harlem Renaissance figures. She was a pioneer in the black theatre movement, a prolific writer of more than 28 plays and many poems. She challenged both racial and gender barriers to success as a poet, writer, and playwright.  She was called the Lady Poet of the New Negro Renaissance. She is especially known for her four poetry works,  The Heart of a Woman  (1918),  Bronze  (1922),  AnAutumn Love Cycle  (1928), and  Share My World  (1962) Background Georgia Douglas Johnson was born Georgia Douglas Camp in Atlanta, Georgia, into an interracial family. She graduated from the Normal School of Atlanta University in 1893. Georgia Douglas taught in Marietta and Atlanta Georgia. She left teaching in 1902 to attend Oberlin Conservatory of Music, intending to become a composer. She returned to teaching in Atlanta, and became an assistant principal. She married Henry Lincoln Johnson, an attorney and government worker in Atlanta active in the Republican Party. Writing and Salons Moving to Washington, DC, in 1909 with her husband and two children, Georgia Douglas Johnsons home was often the site of salons or gatherings of African American writers and artists. She called her home the Half-Way House, and often took in those who had no other place to live. Georgia Douglas Johnson published her first poems in 1916 in the NAACPs Crisis magazine, and her first book of poetry in 1918, The Heart of a Woman, focusing on the experience of a woman. Jessie Fauset helped her select the poems for the book. In her 1922 collection, Bronze, she responded to early criticism by focusing more on racial experience. She wrote more than 200 poems, 40 plays, 30 songs, and edited 100 books by 1930. These were often performed in community venues common to what was called the New Negro theatre: not for profit locations including churches, YWCAs, lodges, schools. Many of her plays, written in the 1920s, fall into the category of lynching drama. She was writing at a time when organized opposition to lynching was part of social reform, and while lynching was still occurring at a high rate especially in the South.   Her husband reluctantly supported her writing career until his death in 1925. In that year, President Coolidge appointed Johnson to a position as Commissioner of Conciliation in the Department of Labor, recognizing her late husbands support of the Republican Party. But she needed her writing to help support herself and her children. Her home was open in the 1920s and early 1930s to the African American artists of the day, including  Langston Hughes,  Countee Cullen,  Angelina Grimke,  W.E.B. DuBois,  James Weldon Johnson,  Alice Dunbar-Nelson, Mary Burrill, and Anne Spencer. Georgia Douglas Johnson continued to write, publishing her best-known book, An Autumn Love Cycle, in 1925. She struggled with poverty after her husband died in 1925. She wrote a syndicated weekly newspaper column from 1926-1932. More Difficult Years After she lost the Department of Labor job in 1934, in the depths of the  Great Depression, Georgia Douglas Johnson worked as a teacher, librarian, and file clerk in the 1930s and 1940s. She found it difficult to get published. Her anti-lynching writings of the 1920s and 1930s were mostly not published at the time; some have been lost. During World War II she published poems and read some on radio shows. In the 1950s Johnson  found it difficult to publish poems with a more political message.  She continued writing plays into the era of the Civil Rights movement, though by that time other black women writers were more likely to be noticed and published, including Lorraine Hansberry, whose  Raisin in the Sun  dates to 1959. Reflecting her early interest in music, she included music in some of her plays. In 1965 Atlanta University awarded Georgia Douglas Johnson an honorary doctorate. She saw to her sons education; Henry Johnson, jr., completed Bowdoin College and then Howard University law school. Peter Johnson attended Dartmouth college and Howard University medical school. Georgia Douglas Johnson died in 1966, shortly after finishing a Catalogue of Writings, mentioning 28 plays. Much of her unpublished work was lost, including many papers thrown away after her funeral. In 2006, Judith L. Stephens published a book of Johnsons known plays. Family Background Father: George CampMother: Laura Jackson CampBorn in Atlanta, Georgia; birth year is uncertain, given as early as 1877 and as late as 1886Her mixed race heritage (African American on both sides, English on her fathers, Native American on her mothers) is a theme that she explores in some of her writings. Education Atlanta University Normal School (graduated 1893)Oberlin Conservatory of Music (1902)Cleveland College of Music Marriage and Children Husband: Henry Lincoln Johnson (married 1903; lawyer; appointed recorder of deeds, Washington, 1912; Republican National Committeeman from Georgia, 1920 to 1925)Children: Henry Lincoln Johnson, Jr. (born 1906) and Peter Douglas Johnson (born 1907)

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Compatibilism Essays - 873 Words

There are 3 basic views that can be taken on the view of determinism, (1) deny its reality, either because of the existence of free will or on independent grounds; (2) accept its reality but argue for its compatibility with free will; or (3) accept its reality and deny its compatibility with free will.In this paper I am going to be defending the view compatibilism, specifically W. T. Stace’s view of compatibilism. Compatibilism is the idea that determinism is true, every event in the world is caused, and that free will still exists. Stace defends this view by saying the problem is the definition of free will. The current definition of what free will is a completely and wholly uncaused action. However this obviously would be completely†¦show more content†¦There are a few criticisms that are brought up against this compatibles view; in fact Stace brings up possible objections himself. The first that I will consider is that there are some cases that are borderline. For example, if somebody has a gun and puts it to your head and commands you to do something it seems that you would have to do it even though the person with the gun is not physically forcing you to do it. However I do not believe this to be a borderline case at all, even if someone is holding a gun to your head you are still making the decision to do whatever it is that they are telling you to do. It is still of your own me ntal state that you will do it out of your own perceived state that whatever they are asking you to do would be preferable to your own death. The second objection that he presents is that if you could somehow know that somebody was going to do an action before they did it (even though this itself is very hard to believe) then how could they have done otherwise. However I do not understand how this is detrimental to this argument of compatibilism. Obviously if someone somehow new 100% for sure that you were going to do something then to even ask if the person could have done otherwise is completely absurd, they obviously would have, as in the first part of the statement its said that they couldn’t. Basically saying that hypothetically you will do an action withShow MoreRelatedTraditional Compatibilism Examples854 Words   |  4 Pagescompatibilist has a simple outlook on a subject that any average human being can grasp. On the outside, it may look confusing, but traditional c ompatibilism is simple once you get through the vocabulary and a few examples. In this essay, I will cover the traditional compatibilists’ analysis on free will, give an example of a counterexample to traditional compatibilism, and my thoughts on why or why not the counterexample is successful in rejecting the traditional compatibilist analysis of free will. ToRead MoreDeterminism, Compatibilism And Libertarianism1955 Words   |  8 Pagesis our life just a script we follow? The question of free will has stumped philosophers for years, in which philosophers have disagreed on the conclusion. There are several perspectives on this issue, the most popular of which are determinism, compatibilism and libertarianism. By discussing the similarities and differences of these perspectives, as well as the strengths and weaknesses, we can determine which of these is most accurate. Determinism is â€Å"the view that every event, including human actionsRead MorePhilosophy comparing libertarianism, compatibilism, and determinism2363 Words   |  10 Pagesï » ¿ Comparing Determinism, Compatibilism, and Libertarianism Patrick C Smith Ivy Tech Community College The question that the textbook poses at the very beginning of chapter four is, â€Å"Are you Free† (Chaffee, 2013, p. 172)? Most people would look at this question as pretty cut and dry and would answer a resounding yes. Philosophically speaking, it is not that easy of an answer. You have to be willing to look at the question with an open mind, and askRead MoreComparing Compatibilism Vs Incompatibilism : A Compatibilist View1332 Words   |  6 PagesCompatibilism vs Incompatibilism: a compatibilist view Does determinism imply that there is no free will, as the incompatibilists argue, or does it allow for free will, as the compatibilists argue? Determinism is the doctrine, that every event, as well as human actions is determined by causes that are independent to the will. From determinism, two opposing views were identified. The incompatibilists view that determinism implies no free will, or the compatibilists view that determinism still allowsRead MoreWhat Is Determinism, Libertarianism, And Compatibilism1161 Words   |  5 Pages In such discussion they have come up with multiple theories. The three I’ll address today are determinism, libertarianism, and compatibilism; are we products of our past unable to choose another course, or are our actions free from the chain of causality and thus our own? I believe that you can’t take these two questions as black and white. In my opinion compatibilism - which attempts to merge free will and determinism - explains our situation as humans, with a sense of moral responsibility, moreRead MoreFree Will : Causal Determinism, Fatalism, And Compatibilism Essay1744 Words   |  7 PagesOn Free Will: Causal Determinism, Fatalism, and Compatibilism. The philosophical questioning of free will is really a matter of the volition of man. That is, free will is a central dogma that many subscribe to that empowers them to be accountable for their own lives and that provides meaning to something that is largely unknown. Free will proves to be a profound and highly debated topic in the philosophical realm. Whether free will truly exists or not is largely implicating in how one perceives theRead MorePersuasive Essay : Animal Lover979 Words   |  4 Pagesbought her and begged to buy her back. Thankfully, he let me purchase her. However, my mother found out that I did this, and I was greatly punished for my acts of rebellion. This morally wrong action that I pursued can be described in terms of compatibilism and determinism. In order to do so, these terms must first be defined. Determinism is the theory that everything in the universe is defined by casual laws (p 218). Human actions in determinism are not free. They are all caused by heredity and environmentRead MoreDo We Have a Free Will? Essay example1462 Words   |  6 Pageseach other in account of our deeds that we had made wrong choices. In Compatibility and moral defense, if an individual is not responsible for the intention then how can that person be responsible for the act? One powerful contemporary form of compatibilism, which is the right answer is â€Å"why not?† one should not think that by somebody`s actions are a result of mental state. Thus, someone ought to do a given task or function if she or he has the ability to do it. The truth of determinism gives us noRead MoreCompatibilism vs. Imcompatibilism: Is There Really Free Will1043 Words   |  5 Pageseach side and to draw possible conclusions to the question and existence of free will. The compatibilist and incompatiblists agree that there are other worlds where there is free will but disagree on the fact that determinism is true.            Compatibilism is the idea that there is a connection between ones free will and the actions we take. We are solely responsible for the actions we take. Compatibilists believe that we can be living in a pre determined life, but our free will goes unchanged. WeRead MoreThe Theory Of Free Will950 Words   |  4 Pagesnormally either free or unfree considering the conditions that provoke them. However, the baseline in withholding or granting the acknowledgments of moral responsibility depends on society’s viewpoint. Hard determinism, therefore, is typical of compatibilism, a belief that determinism and free will are compatible ideologies (Koons, 2002). Thus, compatibilist belief holds that it is acceptable to believe in something without being rationally inconsistent. Skinner and Bandura in their studies acknowledged

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Google Glass Engineering & Technology

Question: 1. Understand the use of technology to support independent living2. Understand the implications of developments in technologies for use in health and social care3. Be able to recommend technologies to support independent living for users of health and social care services? Answer: Introduction - Task 1 This Essay would give information on how technology can help in living independently in terms of health care. The next section would give details on what could be the barriers of using these technologies in health care. The last section would provide information on how the technology can be used by social organizations. Use of technology in health and social care in living independently The definition of independence is different for every individual. It may include the consideration of a person to live in his own house. It can be for someone participation of an individual in the society or to have a kind of privacy in his own living. Independence does not mean the over-reliance on the friends or the family. Independence actually means the ability of a person to be able to care for himself and become independent for doing his work. Independent living with the assistance of technology is an episode which brings together people with extended term neurological circumstances, researchers, careers, voluntary association or group and a variety of professional involved in the health and other social care sectors (Bond R and Hurst J 2010). There is an increase in the social care for the individuals specially for disabled and senior citizens. The purpose of doing the special care is to provide independent living to the individual. This purpose of independent living can be ac hieved by providing them privacy and facilitating them with the technology that can help them to have independent living (Coughlin, J 2006). The facilities like special communities, health services and various other social needs are provided with the help of technology. The Telecare helps an individual to keep a watch on the fitness and well being. This can be attained with the help of various systems that can be used to monitor the health of an individual specially for disabled and senior citizens with the help of technology (Carter B 2014). For the person in case study technology can be used to monitor and plan the health care. As the person lives independently so the technology can provide the tool to support the requirement of this person. Barrier while using technology in living independently There is vast agreement in the writing with reference to the main barriers regarding the adoption and efficient use of technology in various health services. There are different types of barriers and are discussed below: Financial and business barriers Financial and business barriers are the kind of barriers which generally exist where there is a lack of actual proof of the financial impact related to IT in healthcare (Grimmer K 2004). In this kind of barrier there is an absence of clarity regarding the specified benefit of the practitioners and other staff involved in health services. This type of Barrier usually creates confusion on who should bear the cost of IT in health care set-up. Structural barriers These kind of barriers are chiefly a purpose of the composition of the health care system and these barriers do not remain same in other countries. It generally varies with the variation of the country (Honigman, B 2013). IT requires proper condition and structural setup to support health care which might not be possible to every country. Cultural barriers One of the major barriers assumed in health care services is cultural barrier. This kind of barrier generally takes lots of time with the perspective of a doctor. This kind of barrier includes the Electronic health reporting, which involves the clinical view point of health IT. In this type of barrier, there is panic that it may depersonalize the health care service. The other concern is the rapport with their patient. Their concern also regarding the confidentiality and privacy of the patient. Technical and professional barriers This type of barrier has one of the major drawbacks of lack of harmonization between the clinical workflow of the health care and the system. The doctors involved in the decision of purchasing various medicines are not properly trained. There is a lack of the qualified staff, which is involved with the consultants who are acting or working as system developers. These people have no information regarding the biomedical informatics. There is also a shortage of workforce involved in the process of implementation and also it lacks in the strategic managerial process for developing the commitment. Benefits of technologies to health and social organizations Appropriate use of technology can give lots of benefits to a person and even to the health care organization(Escoto C 2005). There are quite a few options available in modern technology which would be helpful to the social organization in providing an individual with the required care. Some of these technologies are listed below. These technologies can also be used by the person mentioned in case study 1 which would help in the treatment. Passive was of Monitoring With the help of Telehealth monitoring there is actually decreasing in unnecessary visits to the practitioners. One can make use of these monitoring for emergency services and the readmissions in various hospitals. The purpose of Telehealth services is to provide the satisfaction of the patients and improve on quality service of life. The better health services can be achieved with the Telehealth service. The data collected at the patient's home are reviewed by various practitioners on a daily basis with the help of which they can guide the patient. Even the case study has a person who lives independently so the mode of technology can be used to monitor the health of the person on a frequent basis. Usage of Internet Every individual has the desire to interact with the other individual. If the individual is disabled then it becomes necessary for the individual to get connected with the help of technology as it performs the platform to the individual to share his ideas. This can be achieved if the individual has connected himself with the technology through the internet (Rogers R, Peres Y and Mller W 2010). An individual irrespective of his disability can make use of technology like Messaging, Community, Activity, Virtual reality, E-Commerce, Voice or Video Over IP. There are chances that the person mentioned in the case study might be required to interact with someone online and would not be in a position to travel, internet can help the person achieve this requirement. Introduction - Task 2 The Essay would look at different concerns around using technology in the health care. The next section of this essay would provide details about the importance of ethics while using technology in health care. The last part of the essay would look at different recent developments in technology which can be used in health care. Health and Safety concerns while using technology Even though the technology might be very much useful in health care while living independently, it also possesses some serious concerns. Some of these require a deeper look before implementing technology in health care. One of the major aspect is that technology based systems are sometimes very complex, which in turn result in hiding the actual cause of the problem related to health. Complicated system is usually consumes to understand and can result in bigger problems to patients (Willems C, Spreeuwenberg M and Claassen R 2010). The problem might not be just related to the technology it might also be related to a human being who is handling these devices, so usually there is a possibility of 2 types of error which are programmatic or human (Shang F, Guihen E and Glennon J 2011). The concern is that the program is not only with the tools it can also be related to how much knowledge a person have of using the tool. The Human factor is a major safety concern while using technology in h ealth care. There are examples of issue caused by use of technology in a wrong way. In one of the cases a pop-up message blocked the actual blood reading of a patient, which in turn resulted in wrong diagnostics based on the pop-up message which was interpreted wrongly. The devices have to be made smart to support the doctor's decision rather that making doctor remember things to operate the device. Major safety issues can occur if the device stops functioning at a critical point in time, So too much dependency on technology can be harmful and there has to be a human involvement required for decision making and technology should just assist in these decision points. Importance of ethics while using technology To maintain ethics while using technology can be extremely challenging in some cases. As there are already lots of complications around ethical relationships between patient and physician. The health information should be kept protected, there are different types of health information which could be Oral, electronic, physical (Binka, F I. D. Norman F 2011). Health information can be related to patients present or past, it becomes ethically very important for a health care center to keep privacy of this information. This information is sometime available to not just the physician but other parties involved and it becomes very important to be ethically right in the way this information is shared and used. If this information is used in a wrong way than the patient can have some serious impact on his life. The person can loss employment due to the medical condition (Li S 2006). The person can suffer on medical insurance due to the information being shared across by the health care organ ization. It becomes implicit that the health care institutes follow the ethics and inform the patient about sharing of any such information with third parties. Recent developments in technology and its effects on health Care There have been multiple technological developments in the field of health. There are enormous researches being conducted to make sure that technology plays its part in the near future. Some of these developments are listed below. Clinical Trials - Microchips Modeling The capability to streamline, transform, and improve the health care system is quite big. The Microchips Modeling Clinical Trial came into existence as there is vast scope of the opportunities and there is required for the innovative ways of clinical trials. The basic aim of this kind of trials is to conduct various experiments on the animals successfully and implement the correct results on the human beings (Bridges J and Jones C 2007). In this way the successful treatment of human beings would be possible and ultimately the life of innocent animals can be saved. The microchips used in this type of trials are smaller in size as compared to the thumb of the human being. These microchips can be used for constructing the complex interface between capillaries and the organs. Google Glass which is a Wearable Technology The originator of this technology is Dr. Rafael Grossmann. This kind of technology is used in the surgical processes. The believe of this technology is to improve the experience of patient, practitioner and With the help of this technology doctor can simultaneously interact with the patient and search the patients medical history with the help of Google Glass (A. Kalinauckas 2015). Doctors can treat their patients with the help of this technology while sitting a distance apart. This can be done either on the phone or with the use of electronic mails. The data collected by Dr. Rafael suggest that every year patient dies only due to the reason of their not ability to reach at proper time with the accurate practitioner. But this fact does not hold true in the country like the United States as almost 30 % of the people do not live near the trauma centers still in case of emergency their lives can be saved with the help of this kind of technology. Operating Rooms which are Hybrid The Hybrid operating room is the new version of OR. This is a new technology in the medical field with the aim to improve the best care being delivered to the patients and improving various skills of the practitioners while administrating treatment to their patients (Hix A and Beck R 1971). One of the examples of this kind of technology is center of Lakeland regional Media. In this operating room instead of traditional methods of treatment there is a need to find and use innovative methods for the treatment of the patient.With the use of the operating room technology, there is a reduction in the cases of trauma, rehabilitation and scarring (Atkins D and Cullen T 2013). Also the stay of the patient has reduced. 3.0 Task3 Special requirements for the person in case study 2 to help with independent living The case study clearly distinguishes Maggie as a person who has an independent living lifestyle. There is a clear need to monitor Maggies day to day activities based on the fact that there are high chances that medication might be missed. As Maggie would be classified in the category of a senior citizen, there is a special need that food habit be kept under a watch. Maggie is staying alone, there are bright chances that she would prefer to go for food with high calories which would cause problems in future. There is a special need for this person to do some basic exercise to avoid weight and other related problems. The other major problem which Maggie has is related to her disease of Dementia which is basically a reduction in mental ability this can lead to problems in daily life.There are high chances that Maggie might forget to take her medication for days as Dementia patients usually suffer from memory loss problems. As there is no other person living with Maggie it is extremely i mportant that she makes use of technology. Maggie also needs help with technology to reduce the confusion around day and time. There is a special requirement for Maggie to keep on reminding her of the pending tasks for the day and to indicate when is a better time to go out and stay at home. Devices which can be used by person in case study 2 which would help with independent living Technology can play a big part in providing adequate support to make sure that Maggie is able to live independently. It would help Maggie to have something from technology, which would act as a reminder and keep on reminding Maggie about when is the time to take medication. The other technology, which can help Maggie is the something which can keep track on the calorie intake and calories burned for the day. This technology can help in making sure that Maggie maintains her health. It would be better if the technology is used to keep a surveillance is kept on Maggie by her daughter to make sure that Maggie is not leaving home at an inappropriate time of the day. As due to the medical condition sometime it would become difficult for Maggie to do even day to day task, so technology can help in supporting these activities (Alzheimers Association Green-Field Library 2013). The most helpful technology would be to keep track of where Maggie is about to go and in how much time should Maggie return. By this technology Maggie would be able to manage the day and time activities which have been mismanaged. There should be some technology by using which Maggie should be able to trigger if some urgent or emergency help is required. Use of technology for users of health and social care services. Technology can be used by health and social care service to provide support to the patients. Health care center can have a 24/7 helpline number or even online support using the internet. Patients can check some basic symptoms which would help them give some First Aid options till emergency care arrives. There is rapid growth in devices which would help health and social care services to monitor the patient every time. Based on these monitoring various reports can be generated which would assist the physician to take care and diagnose the patients. Technology can also be used to share the past patient health information related data in a secured way to other physicians. Some of the rare cases can be discussed by experts online even surgeries can be performed under the guidance of expert physicians in that area. Some of these technologies are already being used and have shown that it can provide enormous support. There are technologies such can lenses which can be used to monitor blood sugar level, which can be used by the health and social care services can be help cure the patients (Rogers R, Peres Y and Mller W 2010). Health and Social care service can use technology to develop high performance operating theatre where patients can be provided with extra care which would help the patient take care of them. The equipment in the operating theatre should be designed in such a way that it would help the patient manage themselves in health care even if they are independent. References: Kalinauckas (2015) News: 7 Problems with: Google Glass.Engineering Technology. 10 (2), 16-17. Alzheimers Association Green-Field Library (2013) [Online]AVAILABLEat: (accessed 08/ 06/ 15). Alzheimer's Society (2015)Assistive technology - devices to HELPwith everyday living - Alzheimer's Society. [Online] Available at: 08/ 06/ 15). Atkins D and Cullen T (2013) The Future of Health Information Technology.Medical Care, 1. Binka, F I. D. Norman F (2011) Ethics and Electronic Health Information Technology: Challenges for Evidence-Based Medicine and the Physician-Patient Relationship. Ghana Medical Journal. 45 (3), 115. Available at: 08/ 06/ 15). (Binka, F I. D. Norman, 2011) Bond, R and Hurst, J (2010) How adults with learning disabilities view living independently.British Journal of Learning Disabilities. 38 (4), 286-292. Bridges, J and Jones, C (2007) Patient-based health technology assessment: A vision of the future.International Journal of Technology Assessment in HEALTH CARE. 23 (01). Carter B (2014) Technology adoption in health care: International barriers and opportunities to telemedicine.Journal ofCHILD HEALTH CARE. 18 (4), 299-301. Coughlin, J (2006) Old Age, New Technology, and Future Innovations in Disease Management and HOME Health Care.Home Health Care Management Practice. 18 (3), 196-207. Escoto C (2005) Beyond the INTERNET: Technology and the Future of Health Care.PsycCRITIQUES. 50 (42). Grimmer K (2004) Experiences of elderly patients regarding independent community living after discharge from hospital: a longitudinal study.International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 16 (6), 465-472. Hix A and Beck R (1971) FUTURE OPERATING ROOMS.Anesthesiology. 34 (3), 300. Hodgson J and Quinn J (1980) The Impact of the Triage Health Care Delivery System Upon Client Morale,INDEPENDENT LIVINGand the Cost of Care.The Gerontologist. 20 (3 Part 1), 364-371. Honigman, B (2013)7 Biggest Innovations in Health Care Technology | referralMD. [Online] Available at: 08/ 06/ 15). Li S (2006) Clinical Analysis by Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis.Clinical Chemistry. 52 (1), 37-45. Lubitz J (2005) Health, Technology, And Medical Care Spending.Health Affairs. Mahesh S and Crow S (2012) Managing Information TechnologyHUMAN RESOURCESin HEALTH CARE.The Health Care Manager. 31 (1), 34-43. Marks P (2013) A healthy dose of Google Glass.New Scientist. 219 (2936), 22-23. Moor G (1999) The future and the impact of telematics for health care.IJHTM. 1 (3/4), 255. Muller C (1992) Objective Health Care Technology Evaluation-.Social Work in Health Care. 16 (1), 119-132. Rice S (2014)New technology can pose dangers if human factor not considered. Adjust for how it will be used. [Online]AVAILABLEat: 08/ 06/ 15). Rogers R, Peres Y and Mller W (2010) Living longer independently a HEALTHCAREinteroperability perspective.e i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik. 127 (7-8), 206-211. Shang F, Guihen E and Glennon J (2011) Recent advances in miniaturisation - The role of microchip electrophoresis in clinical analysis.ELECTROPHORESIS. 33 (1), 105-116. Willems C, Spreeuwenberg M and Claassen R (2010) Activity monitoring as part of care delivery to INDEPENDENTLY LIVINGseniors.Gerontechnology. 9 (2).

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Lost Art Of Typography Essays - Social Science Fiction

The Lost Art Of Typography Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business was published in 1985. The theories and concepts described in the book could easily apply to today's world. Postman goes to great detail in his book about the development of public discourse (verbal and written communication) over the centuries. He explains how the development and evolution of communication over mankind's history has changed at critical points. These critical points include the development of the alphabet, the development of the printing press, the development of the telegraph and the development of the television. Postman argues that American society in particular is in danger since it relies so much on television. Postman's book is divided into two parts. Part one documents the development of communication in Western civilization. The main course of his documentation is that the oral and printed methods of communication tend to be held in higher prestige because they take more brain power to learn and perfect. If a person wants to learn in an oral or printed communication based culture, he or she must learn the language, memorize customs, learn to read, learn to write, etc. Postman even goes so far to say that print communication controls your physical body as well -- that a person's body must remain at least semi-mobile in order to pay attention to what the words are trying to say. In chapter 4, Postman details how the development and success of the printed word in Western civilization created what he calls The Typographic Mind, a mind set where a person from the 17th, 18th or 19th centuries could endure and pay attention to lengthy written tomes or lengthy speeches. Postman cites the 1858 U.S. presidential debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. One debate lasted three hours while another in 1854 went seven. When I read this, I admit I was amazed. I had known that the debates were important for many reasons, but I had no idea that they had lasted this long. I can honestly say that I don't think I could have lasted that long myself. The point that Postman is trying to make here however is that with mass electronic communication in the 20th century (television), American attention spans would never last even a fraction of that amount of time. Think of political debates on television today. To begin with the entire debate itself lasts only an hour at most. This includes commercial breaks. Candidates normally get five minutes to speak on an issue (sometimes only three) and the rebuttals are usually only just as long. So many of the recent televised presidential debates are successful if a candidate comes up with a great sound bite. Persons can cite the Lloyd Bentsen - Dan Quayle debate of 1992 for evidence of that. Postman argues that there is an inherent danger in this. With important topics such as politics, religion and education being pared down to 15 second sound bites on the evening news, Americans do not get the whole picture. Many critical issues and concerns are left out and trivialized at times. Part two of Postman's book goes more into current examples of his theories. One chapter discusses how television mixes with religion, while another goes into more detail about politics and television and another goes into detail about education and television. These chapters provide more specific, concrete examples of the points Postman is trying to make and they do an excellent job of helping the reader better grasp his ideas. Younger readers may not understand some of the examples used in his book (there are many references to late 1970's through mid 1980's programs here) but it is extremely easy to apply Postman's theories to television today. His ideas are just as relevant. To make my point -- on the issue of attention span, I heard today that the National Hockey League is considering rules to help speed up the game. After game six of this year's Stanley Cup playoffs lasted until 1:30am Eastern Time, the NHL has decided to allow only four players on a team during overtime periods next season. The logic is that the games will be faster and decided faster in

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Public Schools vs. Private Schools essays

Public Schools vs. Private Schools essays A lot of controversy has been raised over public schooling versus private schooling. Much debate has been made about the advantages and disadvantages of public and private schools. However, the choice lies with the parents of school age children. Many aspects must be reviewed before a choice can be made. These aspects include effectiveness of both types of school systems, religious background, proper funding, personal educational beliefs, and racial integration as well as many others. Some believe public schools are not effective in teaching students necessary skills. Part of this belief stems from the fact that public schools have larger classrooms than private schools. Therefore, less student to teacher communication is achieved. Some children are simply miserable and unable to learn in the large public schools we have created (Chenowith T08). However, studies have shown that it is private schools who have underqualified teachers and use outdated materials. On the other hand, more teacher to student interaction means a more in-depth understanding of material in many cases. Currently only about twelve percent of elementary and secondary school-age students are enrolled in private schools (Haertel 1). Religious preferences are also sometimes considered before school placement is decided. Because public schools do not allow prayer, some parents decide to send their children to private schools which are sometimes founded by Christians and even have study surrounding religious history. This fact plays a major role in the lives of some families. Often, this is the major reason children are sent to private schools. Proper funding is also an issue that has raised many questions. Some believe that the government should provide for private schools because the parents of the children pay taxes just like everyone else. On the other hand, many believe that because parents pay for their childrens schooling, those ins...

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Laugh About Writing

Laugh About Writing Laugh About Writing Laugh About Writing By Sharon Writing doesnt always have to be a serious business. Though its wise to make sure that you write correctly, theres a lot of fun to be had when playing with words. Two emails that landed in my inbox the other day made me chuckle. The first was called Humor for Lexophiles. I wont reproduce the whole thing, but here are a few of my favorites: The butcher backed up into the meat grinder and got a little behind in his work. To write with a broken pencil is pointless. A thief fell and broke his leg in wet cement. He became a hardened criminal. The professor discovered that her theory of earthquakes was on shaky ground. A dentist and a manicurist fought tooth and nail. You are stuck with your debt if you cant budge it. Acupuncture: a jab well done. The second source of amusement was an email featuring metaphors from student essays. Here are a few that caught my eye His thoughts tumbled in his head, making and breaking alliances like underpants in a dryer without Cling Free. She grew on him like she was a colony of E. coli, and he was room-temperature Canadian beef. Her vocabulary was as bad as, like, whatever. McBride fell 12 stories, hitting the pavement like a Hefty bag filled with vegetable soup. Even in his last years, Granddad had a mind like a steel trap, only one that had been left out so long, it had rusted shut. The plan was simple, like my brother-in-law Phil. But unlike Phil, this plan just might work. It was an American tradition, like fathers chasing kids around with power tools. Obviously, Im not the only one who got these emails, so if you want to see more of these gems, look here and here. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the General category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Writing a Reference Letter (With Examples)How to spell "in lieu of"Apostrophe with Plural Possessive Nouns

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Trends in Health Information Systems and Applications Essay

Trends in Health Information Systems and Applications - Essay Example Overview – today's medical professionals work in an increasingly hurried environment; it is important to them they can access the right information at the right time when it is needed. The main problems identified in a medical practice which bother a lot are delays in obtaining patient information, misplaced laboratory test results, delays in updating of medical records and a host of other valid concerns such as incorrect vital physical details of a patient. Problem - the problem is really a question of properly managing the flow of information from those who obtained those records to giving the same information to those who need it the most – the medical practitioners. Present information systems used by hospitals, clinics and other medical institutions are often overwhelmed by a deluge of data. If not properly managed through the right information technologies, there is always the danger of mistakes being committed with a possibility of being sued for medical malpract ice. The identified need is to use technology that can provide the information in a proximate manner in terms of both time and space.

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Who is above the law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Who is above the law - Essay Example The Rule of Law is unarguably the cornerstone of a democratic society and its’ basic tenet is the acknowledgement that the law is supreme. The law itself reflects the will of the citizens, and the judiciary is authorized to hold all government officials accountable for their actions. It is encapsulated in the conviction that â€Å"no man is above the law† (Dicey, qtd. in Li). Its’ major principles are (a) The law is the regulator of government power. (b) All men are equal before the law. (c) The law is based on a judicial system which uses fair, transparent, consistent and documented procedures and decisions. In certain circumstances, individuals are held to be free from liability to answer to the law. This legal status is referred to as ‘immunity from the law,’ and includes: diplomatic immunity, conferred on government representatives on foreign soil; sovereign immunity, which originated with kings and now includes the federal government and its’ officials; judicial immunity, which protects a judge from liability for his decisions. Immunity is also extended to witnesses in exchange for their assistance during a trial (Criminal Law Web site). As a rule, officials are granted ‘qualified immunity,’ which shields them from prosecution when they act in good faith. The advocates of immunity allege that it is essential to shield government officials from the law, so that they can execute their duties and make decisions based on the evaluation of the common good, without being influenced by the need to protect themselves from prosecution. Other arguments are the heavy costs of litigation against officials, the distraction of officials from their duties, their hesitancy to exercise independent judgment and the discouragement of capable people from joining government service (everything2 Web site). Contrary to the above arguments, it is only when every government

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Physical Fitness Test Essay Example for Free

Physical Fitness Test Essay Research Strategy and Design The researchers will be using the descriptive strategy to study the facts derived from the research. The researchers will be using the descriptive strategy in order to ascertain prevailing conditions and to give qualitative and quantitative description. This strategy is intended to answer questions about the current state of the problem the researchers are studying and the individuals involve. The researchers will also be describing each factor that contributes to physical deficiency of cadets. The researcher’s concern is not the relationship between these factors and the cadets but of the description and elaboration of these factors. On the other hand, the researchers will be using the survey research design to give a qualitative and quantitative description of the problem. The survey research design will be a fact finding study with accurate and adequate interpretation, (Calderon and Gonzales, 2007). This would help the researchers to gather data needed in the study in order to have a precise data for the researcher’s analysis. This will also provide a clear and accurate picture of the individual being studied. Population and Locale of the Study The total population of the study will be cadets of the Cadet Corps Armed Forces of the Philippines (CCAFP) composed of firstclass, secondclass, thirdclass and fourthclass cadets. The place of the study will be at the Cadet Corps Armed Forces of the Philippines, Philippine Military Academy, Fort del Pilar, Baguio City. The researchers will use the stratified random sampling in order to determine the number of respondents since the population totaled to 875 cadets. This method will yield the manageable sample that will be studied and be taken respondents. The researchers will use this sampling technique because the participants are randomly selected from the different classes in the CCAFP. The researchers will be using the Slovin’s Formula as statistical tool in getting the total sample of the respondents. Slovin’s Formula: n= ( N / (1 + Ne? ) ) in which: n= the size of the sample N= the size of the population e= the margin of error Computation: n= ( N / (1 + Ne? ) ) ( 875 / 1 + (875 ? 0. 10? ) ) = 89. 74 or 90 cadets There would be a total of 90 cadets that are needed to accomplish the study. The researchers will get 23 respondents for the firstclass and seconclass cadets and 22 respondents for the thirdclass and fourthclass cadets. Statistical Treatment of Data Statistical treatment gives meaning and interpretation to data (Calderon and Gonzales, 2007). Without it, the data gathered cannot be associated to give answers to the pr oblems posed in the research study. In order to arrive at precise analysis and interpretation of the results, the proponents will be utilizing different tools in treating the data. In the study, the researchers will be making use of the weighted mean to determine the extent of the factors that contribute to the deficiency of the cadets in Physical Fitness Test. In the second part of the questionnaire and 1st and 2nd specific statement of the problem, the weighted mean will be calculated using the following formula: ?fx X = ______ ?f Where: X = weighted arithmetic mean ?fx = sum of all products of f and x; where f is the frequency and x is the weight of each option ? f = sum of all subjects The obtained answer will be rounded off to the nearest whole number and whatever value obtained corresponds to the characteristic given by the scale. The profile of the respondents will be treated using percentage distribution. The researchers will then be able to assess the respondents or the population in general. In order to find a ignificant difference in the responses from the different age, class, Body Mass Index (BMI) and sex, the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is employed. This statistical tool will test the hypothesis that there is a significant difference in the: 1. Responses of the cadets belonging to an age bracket. 2. Responses of the cadets belonging to different class. 3. Responses of the cadets having different Body Mass Index (BMI). 4. Responses of the cadets having different sex. The formula for the Analysis of Variance will be given by: F = MS MSe Where : MS = Mean square MSe = Mean square error

Friday, November 15, 2019

Masculinity in Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre :: Charlotte Bronte Jane Eyre Essays

Masculinity in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre Throughout the novel 'Jane Eyre' we meet 5 male characters. Immediately we can notice that the number of female characters outweighs the number of male characters. It feels as though BrontÃÆ'Â « is trying to tell us that overall women will come out more influential and powerful than men. Indeed power is what our male characters have in common. Their power however alters from character to character. This is the common version of masculinity portrayed by Bront throughout 'Jane Eyre'. Many men at the time of the novel were very powerful, this power varied from wealth, influential positions and even whom you knew. Women were not entitled to their own opinions and their husbands or fathers made all the decisions. Jane however defies the conventions of the time. She has her own opinions and is not prepared to take orders from the powerful men in the novel. With power comes other traits, and this is where we can differentiate between the characters. Brocklehurst and St John both have power through the position they hold (Brocklehurst being in charge of the girls' school and St John being a parson), whereas John Reed and Rochester have power through wealth. Mr Lloyd (the apothecary) is perhaps the only man in the novel without any real power and he is the only person who listens to Jane. Rochester's masculinity is the most important, as he represents the best and worst of a man. His masculinity is typical of this period and he is shown ordering Jane around, 'bring me my horse', most women were obliging to men as they were the authority in society, although Jane resents this authority and wants to do things her own way. So from this we can see that the masculinity he shows typical of the time and incredibly dominant and powerful over women in the novel, especially Jane. As the novel progresses however Rochester becomes less masculine during the fire at Thornfield he loses everything, here we can compare him to Jane because; at the beginning she too doesn't have anything. In loosing everything he loses his masculinity and power. He no longer has his house, 'I saw blackened ruins'. His house is part of his power and this is no longer there. He also looses his sight and his hand, Jane becomes his, 'eyes and hands', and Rochester is reliant on her, 'I led him out of the wet wild wood'. The role of the dominant one is reversed. Here Rochester shows very little masculinity as he is now not in charge. Jane saves Rochester but equally he saves her, from St Masculinity in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre :: Charlotte Bronte Jane Eyre Essays Masculinity in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre Throughout the novel 'Jane Eyre' we meet 5 male characters. Immediately we can notice that the number of female characters outweighs the number of male characters. It feels as though BrontÃÆ'Â « is trying to tell us that overall women will come out more influential and powerful than men. Indeed power is what our male characters have in common. Their power however alters from character to character. This is the common version of masculinity portrayed by Bront throughout 'Jane Eyre'. Many men at the time of the novel were very powerful, this power varied from wealth, influential positions and even whom you knew. Women were not entitled to their own opinions and their husbands or fathers made all the decisions. Jane however defies the conventions of the time. She has her own opinions and is not prepared to take orders from the powerful men in the novel. With power comes other traits, and this is where we can differentiate between the characters. Brocklehurst and St John both have power through the position they hold (Brocklehurst being in charge of the girls' school and St John being a parson), whereas John Reed and Rochester have power through wealth. Mr Lloyd (the apothecary) is perhaps the only man in the novel without any real power and he is the only person who listens to Jane. Rochester's masculinity is the most important, as he represents the best and worst of a man. His masculinity is typical of this period and he is shown ordering Jane around, 'bring me my horse', most women were obliging to men as they were the authority in society, although Jane resents this authority and wants to do things her own way. So from this we can see that the masculinity he shows typical of the time and incredibly dominant and powerful over women in the novel, especially Jane. As the novel progresses however Rochester becomes less masculine during the fire at Thornfield he loses everything, here we can compare him to Jane because; at the beginning she too doesn't have anything. In loosing everything he loses his masculinity and power. He no longer has his house, 'I saw blackened ruins'. His house is part of his power and this is no longer there. He also looses his sight and his hand, Jane becomes his, 'eyes and hands', and Rochester is reliant on her, 'I led him out of the wet wild wood'. The role of the dominant one is reversed. Here Rochester shows very little masculinity as he is now not in charge. Jane saves Rochester but equally he saves her, from St

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Mac Cosmetics-the Marketing Mix Essay

M ·A ·C Cosmetics, was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada by Frank Toskan and Frank Angelo in 1985. The first U.S M ·A ·C store opened in 2003, in Greenwich Village, New York. The company’s products were initially specifically designed for professional make-up artists, but are now sold to consumers worldwide. Products The collection includes blush, eye shadow, eyeliner, lip gloss, lipstick, mascara, mineral powder and nail polish. Most M ·A ·C products are oil free. These oils provide benefits for the skin such as prevention of water loss, as they build up in the skin and are not washed away, so the protection is believed to last longer. Pricing strategy Mac cosmetics are generally priced higher than average cosmetics but consumers don’t mind paying more as they are aware of the quality which the product provides. Core product- M.A.C. gives you the look you want. Actual product- face products that have some flasher fun with mirrored compacts. Limited-edition sets packaged in a chic and reusable M.A.C. Holiday tartan tin, M.A.C. glamorous and my scottish fling mineralize Kits. New collection every season Communication M.A.C cosmetics inform, persuade and reminds potential buyers through the word of mouth strategy as they know their target market and they rely on them as their communication strategy. The company uses celebrities as representatives or models. Also, they have fashion parties for different occasions, where it brings the celebrity world and the outside world together. This way, M.A.C. benefits a great deal for their publicity. The highlight of M.A.C. is their sales promotion which stimulates their immediate increases in demand. Their employees are well trained for their job. Their sales representatives offer the best-personalized customer service. Probable target market From what we have researched, our observations show the following: MAC’s target market is compatible with its goals and desired image. The probable target market is aimed at younger to middle aged women (approximately ages 18, 25) based on the advertisement. Products are of high quality, and were originally created by makeup artist’s exclusive use by professionals. The consumer can expect a product that will last longer than an average quality makeup, this is why the price is at the level it is. The tangible product is classed as a consumer â€Å"want† Pricing is at the higher end of the market, with the average product costing approximately $80. This pricing strategy is effective as it suggests that the products are of exceptional quality and that the consumer is essentially paying for what they get. This higher price range helps mac communicates status and exclusivity amongst other brands. MAC branded makeups are not commonly marked down or discounted, as the company’s aim is to help consumers recognize the status and prestige of the brand name. The products are strategically placed, providing MAC products in a place that provides maximum visibility and convenient access. This includes not only physical advertising such as billboard and magazine coverage and stores located not only in large shopping centres and stores such as Myer, but in specific Mac stores. MAC, like most companies has evolved with the technological word and provides consumers with limited spare time and access (due to geographical location and other preventing factors) online purchasing opportunities with their online store. MAC uses two types of distribution strategies to promote their product. 1. Selective distribution- This is not uncommon, with the specialised stores that sell high quality brands, stock MAC as one of their chosen products, usually in makeup stores or large shops e.g. Myer, where a section of the shop is dedicated to beauty and makeup, and a portion of that section such as a counter is dedicated to MAC. 2. Exclusive distribution – This is where only authorised dealers and selected resellers or dealers, including those in selective distribution or licensed to sell MAC products. This includes individual stores restricted to selling only the chosen brand’s products such as certified MAC stores. Segmentation strategies The MAC Cosmetic Company provides a wide range of different yet similar products to cater for individuals that are all looking for a similar outcome, good quality makeup suited to their skin type. This is a factor that must be taken into consideration when creating segmentation strategies. Appropriate marketing segmentation is beneficial to the company as it is effective as it can more precisely fulfill the desires of targeted groups. Market segmentation can be divided various categories including geographic, demographic, psychographic behavioral. Geographic- this includes the size, population and climate. MAC designs products suitable for the climate and population that they believe will potentially buy their products Demographic- Relates to the income, gender, family life cycle stage and ethnicity. MAC’s range of products may be pricey and seem out of reach in comparison to other brands, however the halo effect is created through this and the quality of product outweighs the price for those who value quality highly. Psychographic- Is about social class, personality and lifestyle of the consumer. MAC products create an image of status and prestige; people may find themselves paying for the brand based on reputation, without considering other, less known brands. Behavioral – includes usage rate, benefits desired and the consumer’s loyalty/buying status in regards to the product. Many consumers who use MAC will stay loyal to the brand, finding comfort in what they know works. Positioning Macs competitive positioning in regards to the marketing mix is achieved well. It’s pricing is higher end, but delivers top quality products which leads to brand trust achievement. Consumers are prepared to pay a higher price in order to receive higher quality products that they can trust.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Concept Briefing

Abstract This briefing describes collocation of bibliographic records and how it helps to formulate effective search strategies resulting in good information retrieval. Collocation is the cataloging process of bringing together related items, such as titles written by the same author, editions, and versions of the same title, or materials on the same topic. This briefing also provides examples of the value of collocation in maintaining a successful library catalog such as compiling all information on Princess Diana in one record would be an example of collocation.Use of collocation in bibliographic records can provide vast improvement in information retrieval. Introduction Cataloging is a register of all bibliographic items found in the library. Items can be any kind of entity that is a library based material (book, magazine, audiobook, etc. ). Bibliographic control, cataloging teaches us, encompasses all the activities involved in creating, organizing, managing, and maintaining the file of an entity record. To maintain consistency in multiple matching entities, catalogers use the process of collocation to bring them together.The better the catalog, the higher the credibility a library has with its users. Users’ are more content with fast, accurate and effective retrieval of information. All collections, either physical or virtual, are formed through collocation, the process of bringing together related information (Taylor 1999). It is a useful term because it emphasizes the purpose of collection building and can be applied to the different means used to bring together materials. Collocation is often associated with physical location, such as when materials written by the same author are placed together on shelves in library.A library catalogue also provides collocation by bringing together like materials through a system of records and references. In the electronic age, collocation is associated with virtually grouping materials together, †there i s evidence that people writing about the same concept often do not use the same words to express them. (Taylor, 2009, p. 333) Definition According to Arlene Taylor, collocation is â€Å"the bringing together of records and/or information resources that are related in some way (e. g. same author, same work [different titles or different editions], same subjects, etc,). As all cataloged materials have a call number, collocated materials can be assigned a collocation device. â€Å"A number or other designation on an item used to place it next to (ie. , collocate with) other items that are like it. † (Taylor, 2009, p. 449) Purpose and implications The purpose behind cataloging was established in 1876 by Charles Ammi Cutter. They were: (1) to enable a patron to find a book by author, title, or subject; (2) to show what the library has by a given author, on a given subject, or in a given kind of literature; and (3) to assist in the choice of a book as to the edition, or as to its character. Cutter's objects describe two distinct-functions for the catalog: a finding list function and a collocation (gathering) function. † (Intner, 200 , p. 2) In cataloging, all publications of an author are filed in one place under the heading for the author's name. Editions of a work are together under the heading for the title. Then, finally, all subjects are gathered under a subject heading. Authority control is the procedure by which consistency would be maintained through these various headings. A library patron could search the records by a name, title, or subject search. Through collocation, all of these searches are brought together. Primary access points also provide a way to collocate all derivations of the work. If there are several manifestations of a work—a translation, an illustrated version, an audio version—choosing the same primary access point for them means that in most retrieval tools they will be displayed together. † (Taylor, 200 6, p. 171) Collocation is an important outcome of the practice of choosing primary access points. â€Å"This access point has proved to be, so far, the only way to collocate all manifestations of a work, including instances when manifestations have different titles, and editions have different authors. † (Taylor, 2009, p. 269)

Friday, November 8, 2019

Why is Jaws still Spielbergs most effective thriller Essays

Why is Jaws still Spielbergs most effective thriller Essays Why is Jaws still Spielbergs most effective thriller Paper Why is Jaws still Spielbergs most effective thriller Paper Essay Topic: Film Jaws Jaws is a thriller with an exciting plot. A thriller is a genre that creates tension and suspense. A typical thriller can feature a terrifying predator and in Jaws it is the shark that is the predator. Films like King Kong and The Fly which were early predecessors had major influences on more modern films like Jaws. It was followed by The Return of the Fly. Jaws was made in Long Island America in 1975. It was made by Steven Spielberg. It is set on a beach resort and it is about a great white shark that was disrupting holidays. It firstly took the life of a young girl at night. Next, it took the life of a child when the sea green waters turn red. Police Chief Brody, the local Inspector decides to take up the case with the help of a marine biologist and a fisherman they put an end to the bloodshed. At the beginning of the first scene in Jaws it is a dark night which is typical icon of thriller genres which thrills and creates mystery, fear and tension in the viewer. We become engaged in the play by focusing on the two silhouettes across the beach. They create the initial plot and it keeps us hooked to the movie right from the beginning. There are a group of young teenagers socializing around a fire, all happy and enjoying themselves. The diegetic sounds of people chatting and music gives us a feel of romance genre. The camera focuses a close-up shot of two of the main characters in the scene amongst the crowd and they both stare at each other as if they are madly in love. Suddenly, the sense of danger comes into the scene when the young girl, who is the main character jumps to her feet and runs down the beach pulling her clothes off to attract attention to the teenage boy. In a long-shot the camera follows their two silhouettes. We can sense the vulnerability at that point as they are strangers, naked, alone and slightly drunk. After that a long shot shows the girl jumping into the water. Here the thriller genre begins. The teenage girl is swimming smoothly for only a little while. Suddenly, she is pulled down into the water and is trying to shout for help. The audience is confused and hooked when this happens. The close-up of the girl shows that she is being pulled from side to side continuously and eventually she dies and the scene ends. The viewer is confused and they feel sorry for the girl as they couldnt identify the attacker of the death. Mystery, which is the typical feature of thriller genre, is used at the end of this scene as we are left clueless. Also using Todorovs theory of disequilibrium is applied here, when the audience is left in confusion on a climax. The second attack scene starts with an evocative atmosphere with a calm relaxed beach scene in the morning with families enjoying themselves on Americas Independence day on Long Island. They are all happy and cheerful. This gives a sense of false security and the shark attack will have devastating impact on the people enjoying themselves. The viewer gets hints that another attack is about to happen when the camera focuses on Chief Brodys face. When we see his facial expressions, we see that he seems stressed and tense. There are mid-close-ups of the chief looking over shoulders. This creates tension by transferring the stress to the audience; the viewer knows more than the character about what is going to happen which is dramatic irony as we know about the previous attack which is shown in the Chiefs facial expressions. Non-digetic sound is used to add to the atmosphere when the Chief cant concentrate on the beach as the radio is on and people are talking and screaming. We are left in suspense wondering if there is going to be another attack. The central characters that are used as a focus indicate the dog and boy, the old man, the Chief, the little boy building a castle, the woman floating in the water and a big group of children. The viewers are nervous about what is going to happen which keeps us hooked to the movie. These characters are used to give two false alarms. The man in the black swim hat looks like a shark and the boy who lifts the girl underwater creates the impression of an attack. We are kept tense waiting for the attack and alarmed by the false warnings. Other signs and symbols used to denote danger when the man calls out for his dog and he has suddenly gone missing. The signified meaning of this is that the dog has been killed by the shark and the presence of the shark creates suspense. We first see the shark when it is introduced by underwater camera shots which make the audience tense and aware that the shark is going to attack. We feel helpless because we cant let the characters know there is a shark in the ocean. It is confirmed for the audience that an attack is going to happen because the sound is a signature sound which complements the underwater camera. The boy lies down on his float he goes deeper into the ocean and he is turned upside down by the shark and then we see a rush of red blood in the ocean which tells the viewers he is eaten. Next, we see a huge rush of families run from the beach onto the shore. The camera is then used to see Chief Brody from another perspective using a panoramic view to show the alarm and fear on his face after the attack. The dramatic irony in this scene is that we see everything from the Chiefs perspective. In the final scene we continue to concentrate on the hero as we have been following him throughout the film; the Chief. There are many camera shots ranging from a long-shot zoom which captures Chief Brodys reactions and emotions. This empathises and engages the audience. We want him to survive and true to conventions the hero does survive. The camera zooms upwards on his eyes at the key moment to register emotion when they are lowering the marine biologist into the cage. His fear transfers to the audience which makes us tense. The viewers see that there is chemistry in Brodys and the marine biologists friendship. The audience feels the sense of happiness between the two. There are symbols to suggest the possible outcomes and events; whether the cage will protect or confine the trap. This creates anxiety for the viewers. We wonder if he will survive his encounter with the shark. There is a hint of danger when the camera zooms on significant symbols; when the fisherman tries to drug the shark and the poison falls through the bars. This increases tension and there could possibly be different endings. There is non-digetic music, the jaws signature tune which plays when the shark appears near the cage and stops when the shark is more visual towards the end of the scene. This lets the viewer of the sharks presence and the music is peaceful and calm as soon as the shark is destroyed at the end and drifts towards the sea bed. This creates an effect of happiness and satisfaction as the audience is fearless. Overall, I think Jaws is a successful thriller because of the suspense that is created in the movie. For example, the signature tune keeps us in apprehension waiting to see what happens next. Also, the movie is realistic because sharks could actually kill you in real life which gives us creates a realistic effect. If you compare Jaws to Jurassic Park for example; this thriller wont keep us in as much suspense like it would in Jaws because dinosaurs are not actually living creatures and so the plot lacks terrifying realism. The plot in Jurassic Park is fantastical and also, the characters in the movie always escape death. The first frightening technique in the movie is in the opening scene when the girl is focused on and there is a close up of her being pulled under. This puts tension on the audience as we dont know what is attacking the girl. Then in the last scene where there is increase in tension for the audience and we think that there could possibly many kinds of different endings to the story.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

The Anatomy of a Winning Resume

The Anatomy of a Winning Resume A few weeks ago one of my writers sent me a link to an infographic by entitled The Anatomy of a Great Resume. The similarities between dating and job search are often highlighted by job seekers, and this infographic is rather explicit in milking the similarities, beginning with the question, â€Å"Does your resume get hit on all the time?† Source: Top Counseling Schools It may be true that the competition for great talent is at least as fierce as the competition for a great romantic partner, and the above infographic provides some interesting statistics and advice. Some of it is rather surprising, and I thought I would pass it along. I’ve picked just a few salient points; take a look at the infographic for the full report! 1. 77% of HR Managers say they are looking for relevant experience. 48% say specific accomplishments. 41% say whether or not the resume was customized to the open position. Really? I wonder how the HR Managers define â€Å"relevant experience† – It seems like a no-brainer that if a hiring manager receives two resumes for a position, both of which contain the relevant background but only one of which contains quantifiable achievements, the person who listed quantifiable achievements will be the more attractive candidate. I’m not surprised to see the preference for customized resumes–customization shows that you are willing to go the extra mile. If you do it in the resume, you will do it in the workplace. I believe a winning resume will do all three things: state relevant experience, highlight specific accomplishments, AND be customized to the position. Do it all and you will have the best chance of getting an interview. 2. Keywords: 56% say problem solving is a keyword they look for and 40% say oral/written communication. Really?! These are overused buzzwords; so probably an equal number of HR Managers will say NOT to use these words! To be safe, if you choose to use these buzzwords, tie them to specific problems solved and specific communication skills and you will be ahead of the game. Other top keywords: Leadership (44%), Team building (33%) and Performance and productivity improvement (31%). Again, ALWAYS include specific achievements to support the keywords. 3. Write a Summary! Yes HR Managers like seeing a summary that conveys your unique value. Emphasis on unique. If you sound like everyone else, the summary will not help. The infographic recommends that you tell employees â€Å"who you are† and that you talk about your â€Å"skills and qualifications.† Watch out for dangerous pitfalls! In saying who you are, you must include specifics about your background that other candidates don’t have. List names of companies or sizes of budgets. Or write about your unique passion or style. In enumerating your skills and qualifications, don’t make them generic. Tie all your skills to an accomplishment or capacity. That way you can truly grab attention in the summary and get the HR Manager to read more. 4. Don’t use an Objective. Objective statements are focused on what you want rather than what the company wants. I’ve been surprised to hear some support for Objective statements in resumes lately. I don’t buy it. I think the people advocating for Objective statements are behind the times and in the minority. Use your Summary to state what you have to contribute to an organization. Use a title at the top of the resume (generally under your name and contact information) to state what position you are seeking. 5. Proofread! Spelling and grammatical errors are a deal-killer. These could be deal-killers in the dating scene too! Although the cardinal rule of resume writing is â€Å"There are no rules,† it’s always useful to hear what hiring managers are saying. Still, surveys are inherently faulty since people often misjudge their own actions and opinions. The Anatomy of a Great Resume infographic provides food for thought, so take it as such. And remember, no two people will have the same opinion about your resume, so get the best advice you can get and Be Yourself, i.e. write a resume that expresses who you areand that you are proud to send to your connections and prospective employers.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Kant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Kant - Essay Example Evidently, the rationalists had disregarded perception as utter confused thinking that consequently rendered their theories as mere speculation, impossible of verification or refute. On the other hand, empiricist who theorized that people have access to the actual world in perceptive sense, believed that what people perceive are ideas that manifest in persons through things outside of them. For example, ideas are manifestations of impressions. Consequently, individuals only know their own ideas (Lawhead, pp. 123) According to Kant, he believes that people have access only to appearances. This does not imply access to illusory appearances. However, Kant believes that appearances provide people with the foundation of knowledge. Moreover, the mind contributes to experience due to understanding and the constituent pure categories. Moreover, an active role is played by the mind as well as its ability to superimpose experience on specific categories that result to knowledge. Kant further argues that people cannot know the ‘thing in itself’. To this end, he goes beyond implying the inaccessibility of ‘reality.’ Over and above this, he implies it is impossible to experience anything beyond the function of the mind. Moreover, it justifies how people acquire knowledge. The basic difference between ‘extension’ and ‘mind’ contributes the problem as well backtracked to Descartes. The immaterial nature of the mind rouses the challenge of bridging the disconnect between the outside world and inner mind. Hume believes that mind is basically passive while Descartes believes that in aid in intellectual acts. On the other hand, Kant simulates between empiricism and rationalism. Foremost, he supports Hume by stating that knowledge is impossible without experience. Secondly, he agrees with rationalists by stating that the mind plays a vital part to knowledge. On the

Friday, November 1, 2019

Federalism Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Federalism Paper - Essay Example People have different and varied opinions about federalism but for United States it completely make sense to be a federalist country. This is because US is spreaded over a large geographical area and it is near to impossible to run and control the whole country by just having one government. Federalism might look as an incomprehensible idealistic expression, but it has a substantial meaning. It basically reflects the choice of the people and gives them a say in deciding as how the state or even people living in the state should be governed. When votes are being casted, an individual say will only matter when there will be a small number of people casting votes for their state rather than a million people voting for the whole country. People take more interest in the local elections rather than the country election when they are living in a federalist country (Longley, 2013). When all the activities are being handled by the state, the accountability of the state government as well as the people living in that state increases. If someone is not working in the right manner or if they are not being ethical with their work, it is easier to figure out what is wrong and can be corrected there and then. Federalism also makes people more concerned about the state and the people living in the state which is considered to be the best part of it (Magazu, 2013). Different states have different laws which are to the convenience of the people living there. The law of education, health, marriage and divorce, drinking age limit and driving license are major laws which are made and implemented by the state government. The state government does not need permission from the central government to make changes in these laws when and where required hence giving people a more close say in running the place they live in. Secondly the issues that are related to the people directly are heard and solved more quickly and

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

In the near future,cities will need to become increasingly energy Essay

In the near future,cities will need to become increasingly energy efficient. Outline at least three strategies for energy efficiency and their advantages for modern cities.Refer to one or more cities - Essay Example It is leading the world by example in energy efficiency despite being the home of one of the best mass rail transit networks, holding dense urban population and a high-tech neon-lit lifestyle. Their wide usage of electric heat pumps (EHP) gives them the ability to maintain low carbon emission profile. Furthermore Tokyo also utilizes water and thermal energy using EHP, which is broadly accessible around Tokyo districts. If things go as planned, Tokyo could possibly be among world’s lowest carbon emitting cities. Tokyo’s energy efficient ways are different and somewhat better than western conventional simulations (Hitoshi & Yoshitaka, 2008. Page; 1). This small essay looks at various methods employed by Tokyo which is one of the most populated cities of the world. And looks more closely at some selected methods those stand out from the rest that Tokyo incorporates to save energy. First one is the reduced consumption of gasoline and reduction in greenhouse gases. The second factor for energy efficiency is Thermal Power production and the last factor in this essay is the Lifestyle of the people of Tokyo. Tokyo is a jam packed city and this is a compliment. The city is well equipped with railway transit system which considerably reduces fuel consumption; people either use public transport, ride a bicycle or simply walk to their work. Preference to buy a house near railway station is significantly high and apartment prices drop if they are located far away from such public facilities. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is well on its way in Tokyo. Moreover the structure of buildings is such that it accommodates more people by occupying less space. Road network throughout Tokyo is dense and is made for the primary purpose of walking. People of Tokyo are accustomed to this style of life which enables them to efficiently use their energy resources (Hitoshi & Yoshitaka, 2008, page; 2). Other factor that contributes to energy efficiency is Tokyo Metropolitan

Monday, October 28, 2019

Supply and Demand Simulation Essay Example for Free

Supply and Demand Simulation Essay Supply and demand is the common sense principle which defines the generally observed relationship between demand, supply and prices: as demand increases the price goes up which attracts new suppliers who increase the supply bringing the price back to normal (Law of Supply and Demand, 2010). A surplus in the market exerts a downward pressure on price while a shortage in the market exerts an upward pressure on price. In the supply and demand simulation Goodlife has control of the apartment rental community is Atlantis. In the first year Goodlife wants to bring down the vacancy rate to about 15 percent while maximizing revenue. Goodlife must lower the cost of rent in order to lower the vacancy rate but they have to make sure they don’t lower it too much or they will decrease their revenue so they must find at what rental rate they will lower vacancy but no lose revenue. As the years go by several things affect the supply and demand of the Goodlife Company, population increase, individuals wanting long-term housing and a price ceiling. Shifts in supply and demand affect decision making by causing the company to look at how to get the greatest revenue with the changes. The supply and demand simulation went over several key points that were also part of our textbook reading such as total revenue and demand, individual and market demand, cross price elasticity and shifting supply and demand. Total revenue and demand is the ability for a company to tell whether the total revenue will go up or down when they raise or lower their prices (Colander, 2008). Individual and market demand refers to how individuals may stop buying a product due to a slight rise in cost, the market demand is influenced both by how many people drop out totally and by how much an existing consumer marginally changes his or her quantity demanded (Colander, 2008). Cross price elasticity of demand is when the price of a product goes up and it positively impacts the demand of another product. Shifting supply and demand is the ability of the company to shift supply to meet demand and maintain equilibrium. At Regence BlueCross BlueShield supply and demand affects the cost of premiums as well as the type of benefits available on plans. It is important in healthcare to figure out which benefits are sought after and what it will cost to cover those benefits, by slimming down on the benefits that are used less then they can provide benefits that individuals want at a lower cost than if they supply all benefits. One example of this is putting limitations of such benefits as chiropractic or physical therapy while increasing the benefits for preventive care. Price elasticity of demand affects the decision making of the consumer and of the organization by changing the amount of a product available as well as the price of the product. Consumers will switch products if they are unable to find the product easily or if the price is higher than a similar product. Organizations must continue to shift the supply and price of a product in order to stay competitive and still make revenue. In the simulation I learned how to maintain equilibrium with supply, demand and price while maintaining company revenue at the highest rate. Goodlife must keep changing the availability and price of the apartments in order to keep up with supply and demand and maintain revenue, one way they did this is by turning some of their apartments into condos this decreased the number of apartments available but brought in revenue in a different manner.

Saturday, October 26, 2019

white noise :: essays research papers

The central conflict between Jack and Babette Gladney is basically the struggle for control and also the struggle for who is more afraid of death. Jack Gladney throughout the whole novel tries to think that he knows his wife Babette he tries to control her thoughts by saying she is supposed to act a certain way. Jack wants to be the one afraid of death and at the same time wants to get rid of his fear.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In the story Jack confronts Babette about the medicine she is taking, he wants to know what it is and why she is taking it. He tells her that if she doesn’t tell him the reasons that Denise will. Jack is very understanding and tells her to take her time telling him. Babette tells him that Gray Research was conducting human experiments on fear and then decided not to conduct them on humans but on computers. She told Jack how she made a deal with â€Å"Mr. Gray† and in exchange to continue with the experiment with Dylar (the drug) she would give him her body. Jacks reaction to this was not the kind you’d expect when your wife is telling you she cheated on you. He was mostly calm, stayed laying in bed, and even offered Babette some Jell-O with banana slices that Steffie had made. Jack went on asking why Babette needed this drug and what it’s purpose was. He wanted to know why they couldn’t test on animals. Babette answered, â€Å"That’s just the point. No animal has this condition. This is a human condition. Animals fear many things, Mr. Gray said. But their brains aren’t sophisticated enough to accommodate this particular state of mind.†(195) Jack then was starting to realize what Babette was getting at. This is when the emotion kicks in for him. Now he feels all the emotions he was supposed to feel when she told him he cheated on him. He states, â€Å"My body went cold. I felt hollow inside.† (195) He was waiting for her answer. She tells him, â€Å"I’m afraid to die..I think about it all the time. It won’t go away.†(195) He responds with, â€Å"Don’t tell me this, this is terrible.† Jack’s reaction to Babette’s fear seems misplaced. He is more upset that she could possibly be more afraid of death than him than he seemed to be about her sleeping with Mr. Gray. He goes on trying to tell Babette that maybe she isn’t sure that she is afraid of death, â€Å"death is so vague.† He tries to tell her that it might be her weight or height that is her problem.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Rate of Photosynthesis: Limiting Factors

Rate of photosynthesis: limiting factors Limiting factors The main factors affecting rate of photosynthesis are light intensity, carbon dioxide concentration and temperature. In any given situation any one of these may become a limiting factor, in other words the factors that directly affects the rate at which photosynthesis can take place masking the effects of the other factors. Light and rate of photosynthesis At low light intensities, as light intensity increases, the rate of the light-dependent reaction, and therefore photosynthesis generally, increases proportionately (straight line relationship).The more photons of light that fall on a leaf, the greater the number of chlorophyll molecules that are ionised and the more ATP and NADPH are generated. Light dependent reactions use light energy and so are not affected by changes in temperature. Rate of photosynthesis Intensity of light As light intensity is increased further, however, the rate of photosynthesis is eventually limited by some other factor. So the rate plateaus. At very high light intensity, chlorophyll may be damaged and the rate drops steeply (not shown in the graph). Chlorophyll a is used in both photosystems.The wavelength of light is also important. PSI absorbs energy most efficiently at 700 nm and PSII at 680 nm. Light with a higher proportion of energy concentrated in these wavelengths will produce a higher rate of photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide and rate of photosynthesis An increase in the carbon dioxide concentration increases the rate at which carbon is incorporated into carbohydrate in the light-independent reaction, and so the rate of photosynthesis generally increases until limited by another factor. As it is normally present in the atmosphere at very low concentrations (about 0. 4%), increasing carbon dioxide concentration causes a rapid rise in the rate of photosynthesis, which eventually plateaus when the maximum rate of fixation is reached. Rate of photosynthesis Carbon dioxide c oncentration 1 Temperature and rate of photosynthesis Although the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis are not affected by changes in temperature, the light independent reactions of photosynthesis are dependent on temperature. They are reactions catalysed by enzymes. As the enzymes approach their optimum temperatures the overall rate increases.It approximately doubles for every 10 Â °C increase in temperature. Above the optimum temperature the rate begins to decrease, as enzymes are denatured, until it stops. Limiting factors In 1905, when investigating the factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis, Blackmann formulated the Law of limiting factors. This states that the rate of a physiological process will be limited by the factor which is in shortest supply. Any change in the level of a limiting factor will affect the rate of reaction. For example, the amount of light will affect the rate of photosynthesis.If there is no light, there will be no photosynthesis. As light i ntensity increases, the rate of photosynthesis will increase as long as other factors are in adequate supply. As the rate increases, eventually another factor will come into short supply. The graph below shows the effect of low carbon dioxide concentration. It will eventually be insufficient to support a higher rate of photosynthesis, and increasing light intensity will have no effect, so the rate plateaus. Rate of photosynthesis Temperature Rate of photosynthesis Higher CO2 concentration; higher temperature.Higher CO2 concentration; lower temperature. Lower CO2 concentration; lower temperature. . Intensity of light If a higher concentration of carbon dioxide is supplied, light is again a limiting factor and a higher rate can be reached before the rate again plateaus. If carbon dioxide and light levels are high, but temperature is low, increasing temperature will have the greatest effect on reaching a higher rate of photosynthesis. Finding out How might the factors that affect the r ate of photosynthesis be investigated? Design a suitable series of experiments. 2

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Face the Music

File Sharing By Ehtisham Malik The company Napsterâ„ ¢ made headlines in the music file sharing revolution by letting people share music for free. ) Napsterâ„ ¢ and other services like it soon attracted the attention of the record companies. Lawsuits were filed to stop illegal music file sharing, and Napster was forced to stop. After these lawsuits, the Apple iPod  ® music player changed the way people listened to music. The iPod player was small and portable. It allowed people to carry their music with them wherever they went. Apple then introduced ITunes ® on the Internet.Their reasoning was that many people who were downloading music illegally would be willing to pay a small fee to get the music legally. Apple ® saw people were interested, and was the first to market a new music player and a legal music download service. About 70 percent of music downloaders use ITunes ®. Competitors have been slow to catch up, but there are new sites popping up everyday. Companies s uch as Wal-Mart ®, Musicmatch ®, Real Networks’ Rhapsodyâ„ ¢, and BuyMusic all have music-sharing Web sites. Napsterâ„ ¢ reemerged as a pay-for-music site. This well-known music site hopes that their brand name will lead to instant market sales and success.If you download music from the Internet, make sure to use a legal download site, such as those from the companies above. Always follow copyright guidelines to make sure that you are downloading music properly. Copyright Guidelines Can you legally download music for free? Yes, but only you can play or burn the music to a CD. Can you legally download music and then sell it? No, because you are unauthorized to distribute that music. Can you copy a store-bought CD from a friend? No, due to the copyright on the CD, you need to pay for it to burn a copy, or else you are stealing. All products names are trademarks of their respective companies.

Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Yale School of Management Programs and Admissions

Yale School of Management Programs and Admissions Yale School of Management, also known as Yale SOM, is part of Yale University, a private research university located in New Haven, Connecticut. Although  Yale University is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the United States, the School of Management wasnt founded until the 1970s and didnt begin offering an MBA program until 1999. Although Yale School of Management hasnt been around nearly as long as some business and management schools, it is very well-known and has a reputation for being one of the best business schools in the world. Yale School of Management is one of six Ivy League business schools in the United States. It is also one of the M7, an informal network of elite business schools.   Yale School of Management Programs Yale School of Management offers a wide range of business education programs for students at the graduate level. Degree programs include the  Full-Time MBA program, MBA for Executives program,  Master of Advanced Management program,  PhD program and  Joint Degree programs.  Non-degree programs include Executive Education programs.   Full-Time MBA Program The Full-Time MBA program at Yale School of Management has an integrated curriculum that teaches not only management fundamentals, but also big picture perspectives to help you understand organizations and business as a whole. Much of the curriculum relies on raw cases, which provide you with robust data to help you learn how to make tough decisions in real-world business scenarios. Students who want to apply to the Full-Time MBA program Yale School of Management must submit an online application between July and April. Yale School of Management has round applications, which means that there are multiple application deadlines. To apply, you need transcripts from every college you attended, two recommendation letters, and official GMAT or GRE scores. You must also submit an essay and answer several application questions so that the admissions committee can learn more about you and your desired career path. MBA for Executives Program The MBA for Executives program at Yale School of Management is a 22-month program for working professionals. Classes are held on the weekends (Fridays and Saturdays) on the Yale campus. About 75% of the curriculum is devoted to general business education; the remaining 25% is devoted to the students chosen area of focus. Like the Full-Time MBA program at Yale School of Management, the MBA for Executives program has an integrated curriculum and relies heavily on raw cases to teach students business principles. This program is designed for working professionals, so Yale School of Management does require you to maintain employment while enrolled at in the MBA for Executives program. To apply to this program, you need to submit GMAT, GRE or the Executive Assessment (EA) scores; a resume; two professional recommendations and two essays. You do not need to submit official transcripts to apply, but you will need to submit transcripts if you enroll. Joint Degree Programs The Joint Degree programs at Yale School of Management offer students the opportunity to earn an MBA degree in combination with a degree from another Yale school. Joint Degree options include: MBA/JD with Yale Law SchoolMBA/MEM or MF with Yale School of Forestry Environmental StudiesMBA/MA in Global Affairs with the Jackson Institute for Global AffairsMBA/MD with Yale School of MedicineMBA/MPH with Yale School of Public Health   MBA/MARCH with Yale School of ArchitectureMBA/MFA with Yale School of DramaMBA/MDIV or MAR with Yale Divinity SchoolMBA/PhD with Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Some Joint Degree programs have two-year, three-year, and four-year options. Curriculum and application requirements vary by program. Visit the Yale School of Management website to learn more. Master of Advanced Management Program The Master of Advanced Management (MAM) program at Yale School of Management is a one-year degree program specifically for graduates of Global Network for Advanced Management member schools. The program is meant to provide advanced management education to exceptional students who have already earned an MBA degree. About 20% of the MAM curriculum consists of core courses, while the other 80% of the program is devoted to electives. To apply to the MAM program at Yale School of Management, you need an MBA or an equivalent degree from a Global Network for Advanced Management member school. You will also need to submit one professional recommendation, official transcripts and standardized test scores from one of the following tests: GMAT, GRE, PAEP, China’s MBA Entrance Exam or ieGAT. PhD Program The PhD program at Yale School of Management provides advanced business and management education for students who are seeking a career in academia. Students take 14 courses over the first two years and then work with the Director of Graduate Studies and faculty members to select additional courses to take over their remaining time in the program. Areas of focus on the PhD program include organizations and management, accounting, finance, operations and quantitative marketing. Students who are able to keep up with the demands of the program receive full financial aid. Applications for the PhD Program at Yale School of Management are accepted once each year. The deadline to apply is in early January of the year you wish to attend. To apply, you must submit three academic recommendations, GRE or GMAT scores and official transcripts. Published papers and writing samples are not required, but can be submitted to support other application materials. Executive Education Programs The Executive Education programs at Yale School of Management are open enrollment programs that put students in a room with accomplished Yale faculty members who are leaders in their respective fields. Programs focus on a variety of business and management topics and are available to both individuals and companies throughout the year. Custom programs are also available and can be tailored to the needs of each company. All of the Executive Education programs at Yale School of Management feature an integrated curriculum to help students master fundamentals and gain big picture perspectives.